Wen Volunteer, Simone Due Rasmussen shares some of her experiences, insights and understanding of Wen’s Soil Sisters project.


I wanted to study how ecofeminism works in practice, so Wen seemed like the right place to start.  Here I wanted to share some of my experiences, insights and understanding I developed through volunteering with Wen’s Soil Sisters project whilst researching and writing my Masters dissertation in Gender, Sexuality & Society. 

We have all seen a growing public awareness of the important relationship between humans and the natural environment, but I wanted to look at this relationship through a feminist lens. More particularly to focus on the relationship between feminist values and actual practice. Some of the more abstract ecofeminist philosophies really interested me, yet how would these be interpreted on the ground and what would a feminist approach actually look like?


This is what led me to Wen’s Soil Sisters programme, which brings social and therapeutic gardening to support women living in refuges who have experienced domestic violence. The programme supports them on their journey to recovery, by connecting them to nature through gardening, food growing and environmental activities, often referred to as social and therapeutic horticulture (STH).

In spring 2019 I approached Wen to see if I could learn through taking part and started volunteering at two refuges alongside the Therapeutic Gardeners and women residents.

What I found were very relaxed and open sessions delivering green care’ with a wide diversity of women. My experience was that of being immediately welcomed and integrated into the sessions, both by Wen staff and the women living there, so I quickly felt at home participating as any other volunteer and benefitting from the privileged experience of meeting so many amazing, different people. To do my research I enjoyed simply participating week by week over the course of 6 months and tried not to take anything for granted concerning how the sessions were structured, what happened and how people interacted. Having a longer term experience on the project was crucial in trying to understand the dynamic processes shaping the sessions and their content, through the interactions between the therapeutic gardeners and the participating women, trying to tease out how feminist values were being reflected in practice.  I based my analysis on this experience as well as on interviews with all the therapeutic gardeners about their experiences, views and perceptions. 

My experiences made me consider carefully how in such a situation with participants, gardens, seasons and activities changing all the time, inclusivity and sensitivity  are central in the way the sessions played out in these spaces.




My approach was based on attention towards space, or spatiality, following Doreen Massey’s understanding in Space, Place and Gender, perceiving space as inherently political and dynamic. I focused on how space was central in the sessions, particularly on how gardens were co-created with and built for the residents, while other public green places such as parks were also sought out and visited.

I engaged with a range of theories including Christopher Ives’ concepts of human-nature connectivity.  He asserts space is divided into aspects of material, experiential, cognitive, emotional and philosophical connections, all of which I found were either directly or indirectly engaged with or articulated during Soil Sisters sessions, albeit some to a lesser extent.

The role of nature was perceived and pursued as something to be both engaged with and experienced through the senses, as having positive emotional effects as well as creating meaningful spaces of sharing. This implicitly heightened positive connectivity both between participants and between participants and nature.



At the core of ecofeminism are values of partnership, as expressed by ecofeminists such as Carolyn Merchant and Vandana Shiva.

Sensitivity, inclusivity and connectivity are central to this, both in the relations between humans and nature as well as between humans.

I found that interactions and the processes of engaging in the Soil Sisters programme, reflected these values in practice. By co-creating these green spaces and engaging with the participating women and prioritising the process rather than the goal.

However, the structure also presented a recurring challenge, as flexibility was prioritised over constancy – both due to the aim of co-creating content with women and with residents coming and going and not participating regularly in the sessions. This was enhanced by session leaders not wanting participation to be mandatory, as it would limit women’s intimate power.

However, the versatile and dynamic spaces of empowerment that the programme creates, I would argue, is enabled through persistently enacting these values in practice, most importantly in the combination of engaging connectively with nature and therapeutic gardening through principles of feminist leadership and shared power.

By Simone Due Rasmussen, Wen Volunteer (first on left on cover photo)

Find out more about Soil Sisters programme:

Soil Sisters Toolkit

Spaces of Ecofeminism: Power, Organisation and Values in a Green Care Programme in Women’s Refuges in London

Therapeutic horticulture in women’s refuges


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